Ludhiana is a large industrial city in the north Indian state of Punjab. The Punjab Agricultural University is home to the Museum of Rural Life, which displays pottery, musical instruments and traditional Punjabi clothing. Nearby, leafy Nehru Rose Garden features ornamental fountains and more than one thousand different rose varieties. To the north, Maharaja Ranjit Singh War Museum documents Punjabi military history. Ludhiana is Punjab’s largest city and India’s largest city north of Delhi, with an area of 310 sq. km and an estimated population of 1,618,879 as of the 2011 census. The city stands on the Sutlej River’s old bank, 13 kilometers (8.1 mi) south of its present course.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Ludhiana gets its name from the Lodhi Dynasty, which is believed to have founded the city in 1480. During the reign of the Mughal emperor Akbar the area formed part of the Sarkar of Sirhind. Chakar, Talwandi Rai in 1478 AD, Raikot in 1648 AD and Jagraon in 1688 AD were founded by the Rai family of Raikot. Ludhiana is mainly a city of the Hindu and Sikh population. As Ludhiana is a religiously diverse metropolitan city, hence people of all religions reside here with deep harmony and lively participation in all the cultural activities and celebrations. The main language of the city is Punjabi, Hindi and English. Hinduism is the majority religion in Ludhiana city with 65.96 % followers. Sikhism is the second most popular religion in Ludhiana city with 28.75 % following it. In Ludhiana city, Islam is followed by 2.81 %, Jainism by 1.05 %, Christianity by 28.75 % and Buddhism by 28.75 %.
Brief City History
Ludhiana, city, central Punjab state, north-western India. The city stands on the former bank of the Sutlej River, 8 miles (13 km) south of its present course and about 170 miles (270 km) northwest of Delhi. The city was founded in 1480 by members of Delhi’s ruling Lodī dynasty, from which its name is derived. It is on the Grand Trunk Road from Delhi to Amritsar at a junction of several rail lines and is a major agricultural market and industrial centre. Ludhiana’s largest industry is hosiery manufacturing, but the production of cotton textiles, steel, and machinery and the processing of agricultural products are also economically important. The city is the site of Punjab Agricultural University (founded 1962) and a number of other colleges; a U.S. Presbyterian mission operates a medical college and a hospital in the city. The area surrounding Ludhiana is mostly cultivated, much of it irrigated by the Sirhind Canal. The crops grown include wheat, corn (maize), cotton, and peanuts (groundnuts). Pop. (2001) 1,398,467; (2011) 1,618,879.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Punjabi, the official language of the state, is the most widely spoken language in Ludhiana. However, a significant number of people are well-versed in English.
Important Types of Commerce in Ludhiana
Industrial Directory of Punjab. Nut Bolt Making Machine. Hosiery Manufacturers In Ludhiana. Advertisement & Mass Media. Agriculture. Auto Parts Manufacturers. Building & Construction. Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals & Paints. Computers & Information Technology.
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