Ciudad Juárez is a Mexican city on the Rio Grande, just south of El Paso, Texas. Its historic centre is dominated by the neoclassical Cathedral of Ciudad Juárez, whose twin towers overlook leafy Plaza de Armas. Exhibits at the Museum of the Revolution on the Border trace the history of the Mexican Revolution. The Rodadora Interactive Space is a child-friendly museum with exhibits on art, technology and science. It lies on the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte) river, south of El Paso, Texas, United States. Together with the surrounding areas, the cities form El Paso–Juárez, the second largest binational metropolitan area on the Mexico–U.S. border (after San Diego–Tijuana), with a combined population of over 2.7 million people.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The Guadalupe Mission was founded in El Paso del Norte (as Juárez was then known) in 1659, and eventually, a thriving Wild West town grew up around it. The name was changed in 1888 to honour President Benito Juárez who had fought the French occupation from here in 1865 and 1866. Roman Catholicism is the main religion in Mexico; 88 percent of the population five years of age and older identified themselves as Roman Catholic in the 2000 census. Protestants and Evangelicals were the second-largest religious group, accounting for approximately 5 percent of the population.
Brief City History
In 1598, Conquistador Don Juan de Oñate, known for his cruelty to the indigenous populations, forded the Río Bravo here during his official expedition to colonize New Mexico. The crossing point he found became a vital stop on the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro (Royal Road of the Interior), a 2560km trade route from Mexico City to Santa Fe, New Mexico. The Guadalupe Mission was founded in El Paso del Norte (as Juárez was then known) in 1659, and eventually, a thriving Wild West town grew up around it. The name was changed in 1888 to honour President Benito Juárez who had fought the French occupation from here in 1865 and 1866. In May 1911, during the Mexican Revolution, Pancho Villa stormed the town, forcing the resignation of the dictator Porfirio Díaz. After the 1913 coup against President Francisco Madero, Villa sought refuge in El Paso before crossing the river again with a handful of followers to begin another conquest of Mexico. Within months, he had recruited an army of thousands, known as La División del Norte, and in November he conquered Juárez for a second time. The Revolution devastated the Mexican economy, but Juárez began its boom years around this time thanks to the USA’s Prohibition-era (1920–33). Thirsty Americans came from far and wide to enjoy Juárez’ lively entertainment, both illicit and classy, and even when beer came back many Americans continued to live it up south of the border. A second economic boom came after the implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta) in the mid-1990s as US manufacturers took advantage of low-cost labour in Mexico. The new jobs brought thousands of new people from across Mexico to work in the 400 maquiladoras. (Today only 40% of Juárez’ residents were born here.) But the success hasn’t spread evenly, and there are massive slums on the outskirts. Juárez’ most recent history has been rather inglorious. The city is a key transit point for illicit drugs entering the US, and there has been considerable violence between rival gangs. More disturbing are the deaths and disappearances of hundreds of young local women, many of them raped and tortured, since 1993. Dubbed the ‘feminicides, ’ the murders initially gained little attention from the local authorities or the media, and many critics have denounced both local and national authorities for their indifference and perhaps even culpability. Thankfully, the rate of incidences have declined significantly in recent years. Travellers should simply take the same precautions they would in any town.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The official language of Mexico is Spanish, which is spoken by 90 percent of the people.
Important Types of Commerce in Ciudad Juárez
The Mexican Automotive industry (82,000 jobs) is the largest sector, and utilizes inputs (commodities) from three significant supplier segments in Ciudad Juárez: motor vehicle parts manufacturing, iron & steel mills & ferroalloy manufacturing, and nonferrous metal foundries manufacturing.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Ciudad Juárez
Ciudad Juárez is building its relations with the international community. It is extremely important for those wishing to enter into the Ciudad Juárez market to gain a thorough knowledge of the country and its particular language. Not knowing the Spanish language will leave you with the inability of doing business in this country. Professional language services can help you bridge the language gap and successfully penetrate the market with confidence. Many of the world’s best technology, engineering, biomedical and pharmaceutical companies’ partners with professional language services company for their translation, transcription and interpretation need.
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