Chandigarh, the capital of the northern Indian states of Punjab and Haryana, was designed by the Swiss-French modernist architect, Le Corbusier. His buildings include the Capitol Complex with its High Court, Secretariat and Legislative Assembly, as well as the giant Open Hand Monument. The nearby Rock Garden is a park featuring sculptures made of stones, recycled ceramics and industrial relics. Perched at an altitude of 321 meters above the sea level, it falls within 30°44’14N latitude and 76°47’14E longitude. Covering a total area of 114 sq. km, the city stands is surrounded by three states i.e. Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Chandigarh derives its name from the temple of “Chandi Mandir” located in the vicinity of the site selected for the city. The deity ‘Chandi’, the goddess of power and a fort of ‘Garh’ laying beyond the temple gave the city its name “Chandigarh-The City Beautiful”. The city has a pre-historic past. Though the people of Chandigarh belong to a cosmopolitan culture they are endowed with numerous temples, mosques, shrines and bhawans present throughout the city. The culture is a blend of Hinduism, Sikhism and Islam. Hinduism is the predominant religion of Chandigarh followed by 80.78% of the population. Sikhism is the second most popular religion in the city followed by 13.11% of the people. In Chandigarh city, Islam is followed by 4.87%.
Brief City History
A fabulous city located at the foothills of Shivalik Hills, Chandigarh serves as an important tourist attraction of India. It is the capital city of the states of Punjab and Haryana and the city serves as home to a number of attractive parks, magnificent temples and mesmerizing museums. Since the city is administered by the Government of India, it has been declared as a union territory. Chandigarh is divided into 47 sectors, all of which are well connected with each other, through a wide network of roads. Each sector is characterized by swanky shopping areas and busy markets. Apart from this, the city boasts of having a number of tourist spots and a rich, vibrant history. Chandigarh boasts of having a pre-historic past. In the ancient times, the gently sloping plain, on which the present-day Chandigarh is located, was a wide lake ringed by a marshland. The area was home to Harappans, about 8000 years ago. Following the partition of India and Pakistan, in 1947, the state of Punjab was also split into two different parts, one belonging to India and Pakistan each. Initially, it was thought that certain places would be added to the existing place. However, due to the infeasibility of the plan, a brand new capital city was formed. Following the decision to make a brand new capital city for Punjab in India, the Government of India planned to make use of an area spread over 114.59 sq.km, at the Shivalik hills, in the Ropar district of Punjab. This gave rise to Chandigarh as the capital city of Punjab. The then Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, described Chandigarh as “unfettered by the traditions of the past, a symbol of the nation’s faith in future”. The master plan of the city was developed by American architect-planner Albert Mayer and a Polish-born architect Mathew Nowicki. After Nowicki’s death, Swiss-born French architect and planner – Le Corbusier assumed the task of creating the layout and design of the buildings of Chandigarh. In March 1948, the Government of Punjab approved the utilization of 114.59 sq. km of land at the foot of Shivalik hills in Ropar district as the site for the new capital of Punjab – Chandigarh. The city was located on the border of Punjab and Haryana. In 1966, Chandigarh was declared as the capital for Haryana as well. In the present time, the city continues to serve as the capital of both Punjab and Haryana.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
English is the sole official language of Chandigarh. The majority of the population speaks Hindi (73.60%) while Punjabi is spoken by 22.03%. Government schools use English, Hindi and Punjabi textbooks.
Important Types of Commerce in Chandigarh
Food Products, Wooden/Wood Products Furniture & Fixtures, Woollen Textiles, Silk, Synthetics including Art Silk Hosiery and Machinery are the other major industries. Tourism & Hospitality: Chandigarh has various tourist attractions inside and around the city.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Chandigarh
Chandigarh is attracting foreign investors through its Foreign Direct Investment policy more than ever. The importance of translation and localization of Hindi and Punjabi language is increasing at a rapid pace. Hindi and Punjabi translation is an important aspect to consider to reach the wider audience and localizing technical documentation, writing and editing sales and marketing literature, or editing software, copyright, trademark and patent applications, partnership and employment agreements, mergers, acquisitions and incorporations, trusts and wills.
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