Belgrade is the capital of the southeast European country of Serbia. Its most significant landmark is the Beogradska Tvrđava, an imposing fortress at the confluence of the Danube and the Sava rivers. The fort is a testament to the city’s strategic importance to the Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman, Serbian and Austrian empires, and it’s now the site of several museums as well as Kalemegdan, a vast park.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The history of Belgrade dates back to at least 7000 BC. One of the largest prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture, evolved from the Belgrade area in the 6th millennium BC. Belgrade was the capital of Yugoslavia (in various forms of governments) from its creation in 1918, to its final dissolution in 2006. Culture and Art. Belgrade is the center of culture and art of Serbia. It is Belgrade where our most notable artists create, where over 11.000 theatrical performances, exhibitions, concerts, performance events, and other artistic programs are presented and where prominent authors in the world of art are hosted. According to 2002 census, there are 90,68% Belgrade citizens of Orthodox persuasion, about 1,29% of Islamic and 1,03% of Roman Catholic belief, 0.24% of them are Protestants, 0.03% Jews, 2,02% of unknown belief, while 3% declared as nonbelievers.
Brief City History
The first human settlements on the Belgrade area date back 7000 years ago but it was around 4000 BC that Vinča cultures stretched over an area by size and a population larger than the territory of any other Neolithic group in Europe. Moreover, researches claim that the prehistoric Vinča signs are one of the earliest forms of the alphabet. Around 600 B.C. the Scythian and Thracian-Cimmerian tribes moved across this area and in the III century, B.C Celtic tribes reached Belgrade: in particular it was a Celtic Tribe known as the Scordiscs that in 279 B.C built the fortified settlement of Singidunum (Singi – means round and Dunum means fortress).
In the first century A.D the Romans conquered Belgrade ruling the city and preserving the name of the settlement for over four centuries. However, the city’s strategic position was not fully exploited until 86 A.D., when the IV Legion of Flavius transformed Singidunum became an important Roman military camp, in the II century A.D. during Emperor Hadrian’s rule, the city gained municipal rights and improving once more its military importance.
Thereafter the dissolution of the Roman Empire into the Western and Eastern Roman Empire in 395, Singidunum was transformed a border town of the Byzantine Empire, becoming a crucial point both for communication and strategic purposes. The Roman Empire downfall was followed by the invasion of barbarian people such as Avars Eastern, Gepidaes, Goths, Sarmatians and Slavs. Due to its position right at the boundary, Belgrade suffered frequent attacks and devastations. Singidunum was not able to resist the attacks anymore and in 441 it was sacked by Attila the Hun. Renewal came in 488 with the Byzantine emperor Justinian that rebuilt Singidunum in 535, restoring the fortress and city to its former military importance.
At the end of the VI century, the fortress was attacked and destroyed by Avars and Slavs and also the name Singidunum got lost forever. In 878 the city was mentioned again, now as Beograd, (a Slavic word meaning “white fortress” due to the colour of the stones it was built with), in a letter written by Pope John VIII to Bulgarian prince Boris I Mihail. Then Belgrade changed hands several times. The Franks were the first to reach Belgrade and destroy the Avars, then came the Bulgarians and they gave place to Hungarians. In 1018, Belgrade was once again part of the Byzantine Empire. During the XI and XII centuries, the antagonist forces of Hungary, the Byzantine Empire and Bulgaria fought for it: there were three Crusades (1096, 1147, 1189) passed through Belgrade bringing insecurity and destruction.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
One of the Southern Slavonic languages, Serbian is most closely related to Croatian, Bosnian and Slovene. It’s based on ‘Ekavian’, the variant of the formerly shared Serbo-Croat language spoken in Belgrade, and ‘Ijekavian’ spoken in western Serb areas.
Important Types of Commerce in Belgrade
The Republic of Serbia is a country found in the Balkans. Its capital city is Belgrade. The economy of Serbia consists of two main sectors namely the services sector, industrial sector, and the agricultural sector. The services sector consists of 60.8% of the GDP, 31.3% of the GDP, and 7.9% of the GDP. These sectors have given rise to the four biggest industries in Serbia namely agriculture, manufacturing, mining, and construction industries.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Serbian
Brochure, website, pamphlet, business card and important business literature with Serbian translation will impress a Belgrade business person. Certified translation creates a legally binding record recognized by Belgrade directories, ministries, officials, courts and academic universities and institutions. All documents should also be translated into Serbian to be considered by the ministry of foreign affairs in the company’s country of origin, and the Belgrade ministry of foreign affairs.
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