Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa whose diverse landscape encompasses the snow-capped Rwenzori Mountains and immense Lake Victoria. Its abundant wildlife includes chimpanzees as well as rare birds. Remote Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a renowned mountain gorilla sanctuary. Murchison Falls National Park in the northwest is known for its 43m-tall waterfall and wildlife such as hippos. The country is mostly plateau with some rolling hills and low mountains. Grassland and tropical forest dominate the central region, with volcanic foothills in the east. The Ruwenzori Mountains form much of the southwestern border between Uganda and the DRC. The highest peaks there are snowcapped.
Key cities in Uganda include: Kampala, Nansana, Kira Town, Mbarara, Mukono Town ,Gulu, Masaka, Kasese, Hoima, Lira.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Uganda, on the equator and surrounded by the great lakes of central Africa, is one of the last parts of the continent to be reached by outsiders. Arab traders in search of slaves and ivory arrive in the 1840s, soon followed by two British explorers. Speke is here in 1862. Stanley follows in 1875.
The ruler visited by both Speke and Stanley is Mutesa, the king (or kabaka) of Buganda. His kingdom is one of four in this region which has become firmly established by the mid-nineteenth century. The others, lying to the west, are Ankole, Toro, and Bunyoro.
Brief Country History
In 1875 the explorer Henry Stanley reached Uganda. At that time Uganda was divided into kingdoms. Shortly afterward the first missionaries came to Uganda. The first Anglican missionaries arrived in Uganda in 1877. The first Roman Catholic missionaries arrived in 1879. Catholics, Protestants and Muslims all tried to convert the Ugandans. However, there was much hostility to the new religions. In 1885 James Hannington the first bishop of Eastern Equatorial Africa was murdered.
Nevertheless, in the wake of missionaries came trade. In 1888 the British government gave the British East Africa Company control of Uganda. Meanwhile, the European powers decided to divide up Africa among themselves. In 1890 Germany and Britain signed an agreement confirming that Uganda was in the British sphere of influence. Gradually the company took control of Uganda and the local chiefs were reduced to being puppet rulers. Finally, in 1894 the British government made Uganda a protectorate (colony). However, the traditional chiefs were kept as puppets.
In 1904 cotton was introduced to Uganda and by 1914 huge amounts of cotton were being exported. Moreover, in the 1920s large amounts of tea and coffee were grown in Uganda. Meanwhile, the missionaries provided schools for Ugandans and literacy became increasingly common. In 1920 executive and legislative councils were formed in Uganda. The country continued to develop and in 1929 a railway joined Toror and Soroti.
During World War II Uganda exported wood for the war effort. However, the Ugandans were becoming restive. Riots took place in 1945 and in 1949. Yet in 1945 the first 3 Africans were appointed to the legislative council. In 1950 the number of African members was increased to 8.
Furthermore, after World War II the governor Sir John Hall (1944-1951) promoted mining in Uganda. In 1954 a hydroelectric plant was opened at the Owen Falls on the Nile. Meanwhile, coffee and cotton exports boomed. A census in 1948 showed there were almost 5 million African Ugandans, almost 37,000 Asians and less than 3,500 Europeans. (From the end of the 19th century many Asians migrated to Uganda and they formed a middle class of traders and shopkeepers between the natives and the whites).
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Uganda is a multilingual country in East Africa. There are forty living native languages in Uganda, which can be grouped into three main language families: Bantu, Central Sudanic, and Nilotic. Two additional languages spoken in the country come from the Kuliak language family. English was adopted during the country’s colonial, and it remains an official language. Swahili, which has regional significance, is also an official and has also been adopted by the nation.
Important Types of Commerce in Uganda
Uganda’s main sources of income are agriculture, forestry, and fishing.
Agriculture accounts for a large share of Uganda’s export earnings and its gross domestic product, as well as providing the main source of income for the vast majority of the adult population.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Uganda
English and Swahili are the official languages of Uganda. To meet the needs of your clientele in the Uganda market it is important to translate and localize all your technical documentation, sales and marketing literature, copyright, trademark and patent applications, M & A and partnership agreements, incorporations employment contracts, trusts and wills from and to Swahili. To target the Swahili-speaking market, you should have a complete understanding of Swahili translation and localization to enable your content (website, documents, software, etc.) to fully function for your intended audiences.
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