Turkey is a nation straddling eastern Europe and western Asia with cultural connections to ancient Greek, Persian, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires. Cosmopolitan Istanbul, on the Bosphorus Strait, is home to the iconic Hagia Sophia, with its soaring dome and Christian mosaics, the massive 17th-century Blue Mosque and the circa-1460 Topkapı Palace, former home of sultans. Ankara is Turkey’s modern capital.
Key cities in Turkey include: Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Bursa, Adana, Gaziantep, Konya, Antalya, Diyarbakir, Mersin.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the Anatolian remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa Kemal, who was later honored with the title Ataturk, or “Father of the Turks.” Turkey joined the UN in 1945 and in 1952 it became a member of NATO. The culture of Turkey combines a heavily diverse and heterogeneous set of elements that have been derived from the various cultures of the Eastern Mediterranean (West Asian) and Central Asian region and Eastern European, and Caucasian traditions. In 2016 Islam was the major religion in Turkey comprising 98.3% of the total population, and Christianity with 0.2%. In a poll conducted by Sabancı University, 98.3% of Turks revealed they were Muslim.
Brief Country History
Turkey’s first known human inhabitants appeared in the Mediterranean region as early as 7500 BC and it has been ruled through the centuries by diverse cultures including the sun-worshiping Hittites, the Greeks who drove out the gentle Persians (who then migrated to India), and the Byzantines including Constantine. By 1453, the Ottomans under Mehmet the Conqueror had taken over Constantinople.
The Ottoman Sultanate lasted till the War of Independence in 1920-22 led by Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk or Father Turk). Kemal abolished the Sultanate and set about reinventing Turkish society and this is considered the birth of the Turkish Republic. Under Ataturk, Turkey went through a period of reform and secularism was strongly instituted into the constitution as well as in the fabric of society. Constantinople became Istanbul and women obtained the right to vote. Even today, Atatürk remains a hero in Turkey.
The east and south-east of Turkey saw years of civil war in the 1980s and 1990s between Turkish forces and those of the secessionist Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) in which over 30,000 people died. The PKK seeks greater political and cultural rights for the Kurdish community. Clashes between Kurdish fighters and Turkish forces in the south-east continue and dozens have died in the violence.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The common ethnic languages spoken in Turkey are Turkish, Kurmanji, Arabic and Zazaki. Other ethnic languages have very few speakers including Turkish dialects, Balkan, Laz, Armenian and Circassian languages. Turkish is the most widely spoken ethnic language with more than 70% of users.
Important Types of Commerce in Turkey
Turkey is a transcontinental country in Eurasia. Turkey shares its borders with Bulgaria, Greece, Armenia, Georgia, Iran, Syria, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan, and Iraq. The capital city of the country is Ankara, while the largest city is Istanbul.
According to the estimates of 2018, the country had a population of 82 million people. In the same year, the GDP on PPP was $2.27 trillion, which was the 13th highest in the world, while the nominal GDP was $70 6.2 billion. On the other hand, GDP per capita on purchasing power parity in 2018 was $27,956, and GDP per capita was $9,346. According to the IMF, Turkey is categorized as an emerging market economy. Other sources categories Turkey as one of the newly industrialized countries. Some of the leading industries in Turkey include agriculture, textile, manufacturing, and services, among others.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Turkey
Turkish, Kurmanji, Arabic and Zazaki is the official language of Turkey. For any industry to penetrate into Turkey, it’s exceptionally important to use a professional translator when you want to translate Turkish, Kurmanji, Arabic and Zazaki. Many business sectors, including Automobile, Legal, Medial, Agriculture, Tech, Science, Government and so on utilize professional Turkish, Kurmanji, Arabic and Zazaki translation services to flawlessly translate their important documents. A professional Turkish, Kurmanji, Arabic and Zazaki translator with an expert understanding of the use of vocabulary and grammar is best equipped to handle the specific nuances of this unique language.
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