Sudan or the Sudan, officially the Republic of Sudan, is a country in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea to the east. Africa’s largest country in land area, Sudan is dominated by the Nile and its tributaries, with mountains rising along its Red Sea coast and along the western border with Chad. Sudan’s name in Arabic means “land of the blacks.”
Key cities in Sudan include: Omdurman, Khartoum, Khartoum North, Nyala, port Sudan, Kassala, Al-Ubayyid, kosti, Qadarif, wad Madani.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The term is derived from Arabic: بلاد السودان bilād as-sūdān, or “land of the black people”, and can be used more loosely of West and Central Africa in general, especially the Sahel. The modern Republic of Sudan was formed in 1956 and inherited its boundaries from Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, established in 1899. Sudan is an African country with a rich culture and many traditions. Sudan has a patriarchal society and marriages are often arranged. The majority of Sudanese people are Muslim; however, many indigenous tribes practice a form of animism.
Brief Country History
Sudan was a collection of small, independent states from the beginning of the Christian era until the 1820-21, when Egypt conquered and unified the northern portion of the country. Although Egypt claimed all of the present Sudan during most of the 19th century, it was unable to establish effective control of southern Sudan, which remained an area of fragmented tribes subject to frequent attack by slave raiders.
In 1881, a religious leader named Muhammad Ahmed ibn Abdalla proclaimed himself the Mahdi, or “expected one,” and began to unify tribes in western and central Sudan. His followers took on the name “Ansars,” which they continue to use today. Taking advantage of conditions resulting from Ottoman-Egyptian exploitation and maladministration, the Mahdi led a nationalist revolt culminating in the fall of Khartoum in 1885. The Mahdi died shortly thereafter, but his state survived until overwhelmed by an Anglo-Egyptian force under Kitchener in 1898. Sudan was proclaimed a condominium in 1899 under British-Egyptian administration. While maintaining the appearance of joint administration, the British formulated policies and supplied most of the top administrators. Independence In February 1953, the United Kingdom and Egypt concluded an agreement providing for Sudanese self-government and self- determination. The transitional period toward independence began with the inauguration of the first parliament in 1954. With the consent of the British and Egyptian Governments, Sudan achieved independence on January 1, 1956, under a provisional constitution. The United States was among the first foreign powers to recognize the new state.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The 2005 constitution designated Arabic and English as the official languages of Sudan. All indigenous languages of Sudan are national languages and shall be respected, developed and promoted. Arabic is a widely spoken national language in Sudan.
Important Types of Commerce in Sudan
Sudan is a country found in the northeastern part of Africa. Sudan spans an area of 728,215 square miles making it the third-largest country in the continent and has a population of 39 million inhabitants as of 2016. The country’s capital city is Khartoum, which is found at the confluence of the White and Blue Nile Rivers. According to 2018 estimates, Sudan had GDP based on purchasing power parity of $197.825 billion and GDP per capita on PPP of $4,700. In the same year, the country had a nominal GDP of $138.09 billion and a per capita GDP of $3,459. Some of the leading industries in Sudan include agriculture, tourism, mining, and manufacturing, among others.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Sudan
With a majority of local residents speak Arabic, at least the language should be a big problem for many ex-pats. An individual or business would in various fields including medicine, law, constructions, tourism, marketing, engineering and so on require professional language services. Nowadays, science and technology are ever-present. This is why technical documents, and consequently their translations, have become indispensable. Technical translation in Arabic is now a critical issue for any company wishing to expand internationally.
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