Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea. Sri Lanka, formerly called “Ceylon”, is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, southeast of the Indian subcontinent, in a strategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes. The nation has a total area of 65,610 km², with 64,740 km² of land and 870 km² of water. Its coastline is 1,340 km (830 mi) long.
Key cities in Sri Lanka include Colombo, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia, Moratuwa, Negombo, Kandy, Kalmunai, Vavuniya, Galle, Trincomalee.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
About 500 BC when a people called the Sinhalese migrated there from India. According to legend, the first settlers were led by a man named Vijaya. According to tradition, Buddhism was introduced into Sri Lanka in 260 BC by a man named Mahinda. It soon became an integral part of Sinhalese culture. The culture of Sri Lanka mixes modern elements with traditional aspects and is known for its regional diversity. Sri Lankan culture has long been influenced by the heritage of Theravada Buddhism passed on from India, and the religion’s legacy is particularly strong in Sri Lanka’s southern and central regions. Sri Lanka’s population practices a variety of religions. As of the 2011 census, 70.2% of Sri Lankans were Theravada Buddhists, 12.6% were Hindus, 9.7% were Muslims (mainly Sunni) and 7.4% Christians (6.1% Roman Catholic and 1.3% other Christian).
Brief Country History
The resplendent island known to be Sri Lanka in its native language Sinhala continues to live up to its definition to be gleaming and brilliant. Perhaps the earliest inhabitants in this splendid country were the forefathers of the aboriginal group of people called Veddas who came as early as prior to 6th century B.C. before they were besieged by the next inhabitants. In between the 6th and 5th century B.C. came a large group of Indo-Aryan ethnic people from the north of India called to be the Sinhalese which now comprises about three-fourths of the population. Sri Lanka is a neighboring country of India therefore emigrations most likely came from different ethnic groups of different parts of India. Another ethnic group of people now emerged, emigrating from the Tamil region at the south of India forming the second largest group of inhabitants on the island, known as the Tamils. From these two major ethnicities bloomed the official language of the island – Sinhala and Tamil. From accounts, it was believed that they arrived sometime between the 3rd century B.C. and A.D. 1200.
In the 16th century, presumably 1505, the Portuguese settled in the land until the Dutch took over by trading spice in 1658 to 1796. The English took over in 1796, translated the formerly Portuguese-named Celião into the English word Ceylon and claimed the country as their colony, where they developed the land from its produce, its government to its educational system. The native people arose during World War I to claim their freedom, and its primary success was through the constitution of 1931. On February 4, 1946, Ceylon was recognized as a self- a governing country in the Commonwealth of Nations. The name Ceylon was later changed into Sri Lanka on May 22, 1972, and at present, it is now officially known as the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Several languages are spoken in Sri Lanka within the Indo-European, Dravidian and Austronesian families. Sri Lanka accords official status to Sinhala and Tamil. English, Sinhala and Tamil languages.
Important Types of Commerce in Sri Lanka
Colombo is the major industrial center of the country. The major industrial sectors in Sri Lanka are food processing, petroleum refining, construction, telecommunications, insurance, banking, textiles and apparel, cement, agriculture and shipping.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Sri Lanka
Brochure, website, pamphlet, business card and important business literature with Sri Lankan Sinhala and Tamil translation will impress a Sri Lankan business person. Certified translation creates a legally binding record recognized by Sri Lanka directories, ministries, officials, courts and academic universities and institutions. All documents should also be translated into Sri Lankan Sinhala and Tamil to be considered by the ministry of foreign affairs in the company’s country of origin, and the Sri Lankan ministry of foreign affairs.
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