Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula. Saudi Arabia contains the world’s largest continuous sand desert, al-Rub al-Khali (the Empty Quarter). Saudi Arabia has four other major regions. The largest is the Najd, a central plateau, which rises from about 600 meters in the east to about 1,500 meters in the west. The capital, Riyadh, is located in the Najd.
Key cities in Saudi Arabia include Riyadh, Jeddah, Mecca, Medina, Al-Ahsa, Taif, Dammam, Buraidah, Khobar, Tabuk.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The world’s second-largest religion, Islam, emerged in modern-day Saudi Arabia. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded in 1932 by Ibn Saud. He united the four regions into a single state through a series of conquests beginning in 1902 with the capture of Riyadh, the ancestral home of his family, the House of Saud. The culture of Saudi Arabia is defined by its Islamic heritage, its historical role as an ancient trade center, and its Bedouin traditions. The Saudi society has evolved over the years, their values and traditions from customs, hospitality to their style of dressing, are adapting with modernization.
Brief Country History
In prehistory times, stone age hunters arrived from Africa to the Arabian Peninsula, which at the time was lush and had plenty of water. Around 15,000 years ago, the climate became warmer and the desert began to extend. Some of the inhabitants became nomads keeping camels, goats, and sheep, while others settled in small communities around a small oasis or along the seashore. They lived off agriculture and trading. The Nabatean settled in Arabia’s northwest where they built a fortress at Madain Salih to control trade.In106 AC, the Romans captured their capital at Petra. This was the beginning of the deterioration of the Nabatean civilization. The unification of the Arabian Peninsula began after the death of Muhammad in 632 AC. Under the Umayyad dynasty (661-750), Islam expanded to North Africa and Spain, Syria and Mesopotamia to the north, and Afghanistan and parts of India to the east. Later on, the Abbasid dynasty (750-1258) took power governing from Baghdad and making it it’s capital. In 1258 the Mongols ransacked Baghdad.
Muhammad’s children, Muhammad bin Saud y Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab continued on their plan to expand. In 1804 they had control of the holy cities Mecca and Medina. In 1914, Abdul Aziz (son of Saud), took most of the center of Arabia and the eastern provinces, pushing the Ottomans to the Golf Coast.
The west area was under the control of another rival, Hussein. Hussein defeated the Ottoman in Aqaba and proclaimed himself King of Hijaz. In 1925 after many years of battle, Abdul Aziz conquered the region of Hijaz. When King Khalid died in 1982 his brother Fahd became Saudi Arabia’s fourth king and continues to reign until today.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Peninsular Arabic, or Southern Arabic, are the varieties of Arabic spoken throughout the Arabian Peninsula. This includes the countries of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab. This area is the homeland of the Arabic language, the language is spoken.
Important Types of Commerce in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia’s industry sectors are dominated by petrochemicals and petrochemical-based products. The main industries in Saudi Arabia include crude oil production, petroleum refining, ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide, fertilizers, cement, plastics, metals, construction, commercial ship and aircraft repair.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Saudi Arabia
The majority of the population speaks Arabic as their first language. Saudi Arabia has a huge potential and value globally, that is why Arabic translation, Arabic interpreting services is required for all multi-national workforce. With the great amount of tourism and international business pursuits and opportunities in Saudi Arabia, accurate translation of your documents ensures that you are reaching those individuals directly and professionally in a language they can relate to. A professional document translation, perfectly done, will not only attract residents of the area you want to insinuate yourself into but also impacts visitors or people wanting to relocate.
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