Romania is a southeastern European country known for the forested region of Transylvania, ringed by the Carpathian Mountains. Its preserved medieval towns include Sighişoara, and there are many fortified churches and castles, notably clifftop Bran Castle, long associated with the Dracula legend. Bucharest, the country’s capital, is the site of the gigantic, Communist-era Palatul Parlamentului government building. Located in Southeastern Europe, bordering on the Black Sea, the country is halfway between the equator and the North Pole and equidistant from the westernmost part of Europe—the Atlantic Coast—and the most easterly—the Ural Mountains. Romania has 3,195 kilometers of the border.

Key Cities

Key cities in Romania include: Bucharest, Constanta, Cluj-Napoca, Lasi, Brasov, Craiova, Ploiesti, Galati.

Historical, Cultural facts & Religion

Romania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire after the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78 in which it fought on the Russian side. In the 1878 Treaty of Berlin, Romania was finally officially recognized as an independent state by the Great Powers.  The 1878–1914 period was one of stability and progress for Romania.

The culture of Romania is the product of its geography and its distinct historical evolution. It is theorized and speculated that Romanians and the Vlachs (Aromanians, Megleno-Romanians, and Istro-Romanians) are the combinations of descendants of Roman colonists and people indigenous to the region who were Romanized.

Brief Country History

Europe’s oldest remains of modern humans were discovered in the “Cave with Bones” in present-day Romania and are estimated to be 42,000 years old. However, the first written history of the country was about the Getae tribes and dates back in 440 BCE. The Dacians, believed to be part of the Getae, made its greatest expansion during the reign of King Burebista in 82 BC. When the Romans left Dacia, the region was attacked by the Goths, then by the Huns in the 4th century. During the 11th century, Transylvania became an autonomous part of the Kingdom of Hungary.

When the 1848 Revolution fall apart, the Romanians’ goal to become a single state was supported by the Great Powers. During the Russo-Turkish War Romania defended with the Russian, and the 1878 Treaty of Berlin, the Great Powers declared the country as an independent nation. The country joined the Axis during World War II. It supplied the Nazi Romaniany with oil resulting in numerous attacks from the Allies. Eventually, Romania changed sides and united with the Allies but the Paris Peace Conference of 1947 did not recognize its role in the defeat of the Nazi Romaniany.

The period between the late 1940s and late 1980 is described as Communist Romania. The leadership of Nicolae Ceauşescu initiated independent policies especially in terms of its foreign relations. Thousands of people were killed, imprisoned, and tortured during his reign. The bloody Romanian Revolution of 1989 witnessed the ending of Nicolae Ceauşescu’s autarchic government. In 2004, Traian Băsescu was elected president, through an electoral coalition known as the Justice and Truth Alliance. Romania joined NATO in 2004 and became of member of the European Union in 2007.

Language (s) Written & Spoken

In Romania, there are several spoken languages. Besides Romanian, the countrywide official language, other spoken languages are spoken and sometimes co-official at a local level. These languages include Hungarian, Romani, Ukrainian, Romanian, Russian, Turkish, Tatar, Serbian, Slovak, Bulgarian, and Croatian.

Important Types of Commerce in Romania

Major industries in Romania are precision machinery, motor vehicles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, electric goods (especially home appliances), food, fashion, clothing, petroleum, steel, motor vehicles, aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals, electronics, food processing, consumer goods, lumber, mining and defense.

Language Services US and others will provide working with Romania

As Romanian is spoken by the majority of the population in Romanian, it is required to professionally translate important documents in Romanian. Many multinational service sector companies including financial services, transport, communications and trade do business in Romanian. Moreover, Romanian also houses a number of major pharmaceutical and biotech firms. This sparks the urgent need of specialized Romanian translators for the Life Sciences have experience working with an array of documents including Romanian clinical trial questionnaires, Romanian CRFs, Romanian IFUs, Romanian informed consents, Romanian package inserts and labels, Romanian patient surveys, Romanian product datasheets, Romanian protocols, and more.

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