Papua New Guinea, in the southwestern Pacific, encompasses the eastern half of New Guinea and its offshore islands. A country of immense cultural and biological diversity, it’s known for its beaches and coral reefs. Inland are active volcanoes, granite Mt. Wilhelm, dense rainforest and hiking routes like the Kokoda Trail. There are also traditional tribal villages, many with their own languages. Much of the country is mountainous and covered in tropical rainforests, as the New Guinea Highlands, a chain of mountains and river valleys, runs the length of the New Guinea island. The highest point of Papua New Guinea is Mount Wilhelm at 14,793 ft (4,509 m).
Key cities in Papua New Guinea include Port Moresby, Lae, Arawa, Mount Hagen, Madang, Weewak, Goroka, KoKopo, and Popondetta.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The prehistory of Papua New Guinea can be traced to about 60,000 years ago when people first migrated towards the Australian continent. The written history began when European navigators first sighted New Guinea in the early part of the 17th century. The culture of Papua New Guinea is many-sided and complex. It is estimated that more than 7000 different cultural groups exist in Papua New Guinea, and most groups have their own language.
Brief Country History
Papua New Guinea was originally known as Papua, a Malay word given by Portuguese explorer Jorge de Menezes, which means tightly curled hair characteristic of most of its inhabitants. The name New Guinea was given by Spaniard Yñigo Ortiz de Petez in 1545 because of the striking similarity in appearance between the inhabitants of the African Guinea coast and those of the island. In 1870, Russian anthropologist Nicholai Miklukho-Maklai wrote a treatise on the life of the inhabitants after he had made expeditions to the island and lived with some of the native tribes for many years.
The southern half of eastern New Guinea was annexed by the Colony of Queensland in 1883 before the British New Guinea, a British protectorate, was proclaimed over the southern coast and nearby islands. This led to the annexation of the protectorate in 1902 with the Commonwealth of Australia exercising authority over it. The Australian administration thus began on the heels of the passage of the Papua Act of 1905. Upon its invasion by Japan during the Pacific War in 1941, the country’s civil administration was suspended but was restored upon Japan’s surrender to United States forces in 1945. A year later, Papua and New Guinea were combined in an administrative union, which was confirmed by the Papua and New Guinea Act to make it as the Territory of Papua and New Guinea.
After an election in 1972, a ministry was formed under a Chief Minister before the country turned self-governing in 1973, and finally gained its independence on September 16, 1975. From 1977 when the national election was held, leadership changed hands continuously through votes of confidence, culminating in a nine-year rebellion by secessionist rebels that claimed the lives of 20,000 from both sides. The rebellion ended in 1998.In 2001, a peace agreement was signed between the government and former rebels, with a United Nations Observer Mission and Regional Peace Monitoring Force tasked to monitor the government and provincial leaders in the country.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Its official languages are Tok Pisin, English, Hiri Motu, and Papua New Guinean Sign Language. Tok Pisin, an English-based creole, is the most widely spoken, serving as the country’s lingua franca.
Important Types of Commerce in Papua New Guinea
The major economic sectors in Papua New Guinea are Agriculture and Livestock, Forestry, Mining and Petroleum, Tourism and Hospitality, Fisheries and Marine Resources, Manufacturing, Retailing and Wholesaling, Building and Construction, Transport and Telecommunications, and Finance and Business Trade.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Papua New Guinea
Doing business with Papua New Guinea requires an understanding of their local language which is Tok Pisin and Hiri Motu. An individual or business is required to have a Tok Pisin and Hiri Motu interpreter accompanying them in Papua New Guinea for an exhibition, business negotiations, training, conference, medical support or for an excursion to bridge the language gap. Moreover, they also require Tok Pisin and Hiri Motu Translation services for translation of important business documents such as sales and marketing literature, copyright, trademark and patent applications, partnership and employment agreements, mergers, acquisitions and incorporations, trusts and wills flawlessly.
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