Oman, officially the Sultanate of Oman, is an Arab country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. Its official religion is Islam. First note that much of Oman’s borders with Yemen, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) are not clearly defined by all parties concerned.
The northernmost part of Oman, the Musandam Peninsula, is separated from the rest of the country by a strip of land belonging to the United Arab Emirates. The peninsula is comprised mostly of low hills and mountains.
In the north, a narrow and fertile coastal plain front the Gulf of Oman; from there the land rises into the rugged Hajar Mountains.
Central and southeast, a few scrubby hills and low mountains dot the central desert landscape and coastal areas. In the west, the pebbly, desert-like land slopes gently into the sands of the Rub’ Al Khali Desert. There are no perennial rivers or lakes of note. Oman’s highest point is Jabal Akhdar which reaches 9,776 ft. (2,980 m).
Key cities in Oman include Muscat, Seeb, Salalah, Bawshar, Sohar, As Suwayg, Ibri, saham rustaq, Buraimi, Nizwa, and Sur.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Oman is the oldest independent state in the Arab world. By the 18th century, the Omani Empire stretched from present-day Oman down the east coast of Africa. A new era began in 1970 when Sultan Qaboos bin Said changed the name of the country from the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman to simply Oman. The culture of Oman is steeped in the religion of Islam. Oman has developed its own subsect of Islam, known as Ibadhism, however other strands of Islam such as Sunni and Shi’a are also practiced. The government does not keep official statistics on religious affiliation, but three-quarters of Omanis adhere to the Ibadi sect of Islam, while the remaining 25% are either Sunni or Shia Muslims. There are small communities of 5% ethnically Indian Hindus and Christians that have been naturalized.
Brief Country History
For many years, the Dhofar region found on the southeast part of Oman, bordering Yemen, was famous for its incense. The Old World was witness to its rise as the global exporter of olibanum or frankincense (fragrant resin acquired from Boswellia trees used to produce incense and perfumes). Incense was a commodity sold throughout the world because even in the olden times, a lot of religious rituals and spiritual ceremonies involved the use of incense. This practice actually lasts up to this day, but presently, most of Oman’s frankincense is employed locally and Somalia has taken its place as the primary exporter of the said product.
The first kingdom in Oman was established by one of the Arab chiefs of Hira (part of Mesopotamia) during the early days of the 3rd century A.D. This kingdom was also first to retain its independence and it lasted until the earliest caliphate. Islam came to Oman in the 7th Century and was easily accepted by the Omanis. By 751, they nominated their first imam (Islamic leader.) Three centuries later, the Qarmatians and the Seljuks successively occupied Oman.
The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive in the territory. They conquered Muscat (Oman was previously Muscat and Oman) but were challenged by – the British, the Iranians, and the Dutch forces. In 1650, the Portuguese were expelled from Muscat. Years later, in 1741, Iranians were driven out as well by the leadership of Imam Ahmed bin Said. He likewise became the founder of the first dynasty and became sultan in 1861. In the 19th century, Oman settled special relations with Great Britain.
There were internal conflicts in Oman out of rivalries between its leaders. There were shifts from turbulence to calm from 1913 to 1954. The disputes were finally put to an end with the aid of the British in 1959, when the sultan’s forces were eliminated.
In 1970, Qabus bin Said became the new ruler and by his command, the name of the country was changed from Muscat and Oman to Oman. This move was long contested but persisted nonetheless. According to Qabus bin Said, this was done to represent the country’s unity.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The people of Oman take great pride in their national language – Arabic which is largely spoken all across the country and has a very rich and welcoming appeal.
Important Types of Commerce in Oman
Oman officially named the Sultanate of Oman, is a country in Western Asia’s Middle East region. Located at the confluence of the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf, the country borders the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to the northwest, the Arabian Sea to the south and east, Yemen to the southwest, and Saudi Arabia to the west. The Arab country is governed as a unitary parliamentary and absolute monarchy. Oman has a gross domestic product (GDP) of approximately $69.83 billion, and oil and gas are among the key sectors of the nation’s economy. However, the tourism industry has experienced rapid growth in recent years. Oman’s manufacturing and agriculture sectors remain relatively underdeveloped and account for only about 1% of the nation’s exports. Agriculture, which is often subsistence, is focused on the production of limes, dates, vegetables, and grains. The country will likely continue importing the bulk of its food in the near future. In recent years, the government has increased efforts to diversify into other sectors such as trade and tourism.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Oman
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