Nauru is a tiny island country in Micronesia, northeast of Australia. It features a coral reef and white-sand beaches fringed with palms, including Anibare Bay on the east coast. Inland, tropical vegetation surrounds Buada Lagoon. The rocky outcrop of Command Ridge, the island’s highest point, has a rusty Japanese outpost from WWII. The underground freshwater lake of Moqua Well lies amid the limestone Moqua Caves.
Nauru Geography presents an interesting picture of this island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. The small island of Nauru is surrounded by water on all sides and does not share a land boundary with any other country. The island of Nauru is a part of the Oceania group of islands. Nauru is located in the south of the Marshall Islands. The islands nearest to Nauru are Banaba in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia. The geography of Nauru is greatly instrumental in defining and influencing the climate of the place. The effect of the ocean renders a cool and moderate climate to Nauru. The tropical climate is the major influence on Nauru. The monsoon is a prolonged period here.
The overutilization of the natural resource, phosphate, threatens the balance of the environment and geography of Nauru. Recently several steps have been taken by the Nauru government to preserve the natural environment of Nauru.
Key cities in Nauru include: Arijejen, Menen, Yaren District, Boe, Baitsi District, Nibok, Anabar, Uaboe, Ijuw.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Nauru was first settled by Micronesian and Polynesian people at least 3,000 years ago. Nauruans subsisted on coconut and pandanus fruit, and engaged in aquaculture by catching juvenile ibija fish, acclimated them to freshwater conditions, and raised them in Buada Lagoon, providing an additional reliable source of food. Traditionally only men were permitted to fish on the reef and did so from canoes or by using trained man-of-war hawks. History and Culture. Although Nauru’s isolated location kept the island free from European contact and influence for several centuries, very few of the old cultures and traditions remain. However, Nauruans still perform traditional rhythmic singing and dance on special occasions.
Brief Country History
Nauru had little contact with Europeans until whaling ships and other traders began to visit in the 1830s. The introduction of firearms and alcohol destroyed the peaceful coexistence of the 12 tribes living on the island. A 10-year internal war began in 1878 and resulted in a reduction of the population from 1,400 (1843) to around 900 (1888).
The island was allocated to Germany under the 1886 Anglo-German Convention. Phosphate was discovered a decade later and the Pacific Phosphate Company started to exploit the reserves in 1906, by agreement with Germany. Following the outbreak of World War I, the island was captured by Australian forces in 1914. After the war, the League of Nations gave Britain, Australia, and New Zealand a trustee mandate over the territory. The three governments established the British Phosphate Commissioners, who took over the rights to phosphate mining. During World War II Japan occupied Nauru in August 1942 and deported 1,200 Nauruans to work as laborers in the Caroline Islands, where 463 died. The survivors returned to Nauru in January 1946.
The war the island became a UN Trust Territory under Australia, in line with the previous League of Nations mandate, and it remained one until independence in 1968. A plan by the partner governments to resettle the Nauruans (because of disappearing phosphate and damage to the island caused by extensive mining) on Curtis Island, off the north coast of Queensland, Australia, was abandoned in 1964 when the islanders decided to stay put. In 1967, the Nauruans purchased the assets of the British Phosphate Commissioners and in June 1970 control passed to the Nauru Phosphate Corporation. Nauru became an independent Republic in 1968.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The official language of the island nation of Nauru is Nauruan, an Oceanic. Nauruan is spoken by about 96% of native Nauruan citizens. One of the most widely used minority languages in Nauru is English.
Important Types of Commerce in Nauru
Some of the leading industries in Nauru include phosphate mining, coconut products, and offshore banking. The economy of the island nation of Nauru is dominated by mining of phosphate and internet banking services which is also an emerging sector in the country.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Nauru
Nauruan language service is important to consider when doing business in Nauru as it is the major language used in the country. Individuals or companies in various sector such as Legal, Machinery and technologies, Business, Finance, Medicine, Advertising, communications, PR, Transport, Computer hardware and software, Science, Agriculture, Automotive, European Union Documents, Legal, Government, Industrial, Life Science, Retail, and Technology would require to indulge in professional translation to adapt documents expertly to and from Nauruan.
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