Myanmar (formerly Burma) is a Southeast Asian nation of more than 100 ethnic groups, bordering India, Bangladesh, China, Laos, and Thailand. Yangon (formerly Rangoon), the country’s largest city, is home to bustling markets, numerous parks and lakes, and the towering, gilded Shwedagon Pagoda, which contains Buddhist relics and dates to the 6th century. The most dominant feature of the country is the Irrawaddy River system, the surrounding valleys and the river’s massive delta in the south. In the far south, the Mergui Archipelago contains over 800 islands, most of them completely uninhabited.

The land rises gently into the Shan Plateau in the east, where the average elevation is near 3,200 ft. (1,000 m). In the far north, the land rises sharply into a southern branch of the Himalayan mountain system. The highest point of the country is Hkakabo Razi, which peaks at 19,294 ft. (5,881 m).

Key Cities

Key cities in Myanmar include Yangon(Rangoon), Mandalay, Naypyidaw, Mawlamyine, Taunggyi, Monywa, Meiktila, Bago, Pathein, Mergui.

Historical, Cultural facts & Religion

The British took over the administration of Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century and the country became a British colony. Myanmar was granted independence in 1948, as a democratic nation. Following a coup d’état in 1962, it became a military dictatorship under the Burma Socialist Program Party. The culture of Myanmar has been heavily influenced by Buddhism and the Mon people. Burmese culture has also been influenced by its neighbors. In more recent times, British colonial rule and westernization have influenced aspects of Burmese culture, including language and education. Myanmar (Burma) is a multi-religious country. There is no official state religion, but the government shows a preference for Theravada Buddhism, the majority religion of the nation.

Brief Country History

Myanmar history is one of the most complex histories in Asia. Best recollection as claimed in all Myanmar history books is that the first civilization was in 300 BC. These are the Mon, which is not original locals of the country but migrants from nearby places that settled in and named their Kingdom Suvarnabhumi in the city of Thaton. They were followed by the Pyu, who also established their own kingdoms in the hills and plains of the now known cities of Binnaka, Mongamo, Sri Ksetra, and Halingyi during the early 7th century. All these times, Burma or now Myanmar was part of the overland route from China to India.

By 849, Burman locals have filled the void of Pyu kingdoms by founding their own in the city of Bagan. Until the reign of Anawrahta in 1044 to 77, this powerful Burman kingdom was isolated. The overall unity of Myanmar was achieved through the victory of Anawrahta against the Mon in 1057. By 1364, following the collapse of Bagan authority, Myanmar reestablished their kingdom in the city of Ava. But they were overrun in 1527 by the Shan and survivors once again settled in Taungoo by 1531 through the efforts of Tabinshwehti from 1531 to 50. By 1753, Burmese leader Alaungpaya have once again collected all the cities of Myanmar and established a solid capital in Rangoon or now known as Yangon. Although Burma as known by that time is already known to the west, it was Marko Polo who came and discovered Myanmar and induced it to the west.

Language (s) Written & Spoken

Aside from Myanmar (Burmese) and its dialects, the hundred or so languages of Myanmar include Shan (Tai, spoken by 3.2 million), Karen languages (spoken by 2.6 million), Kachin (spoken by 900,000), various Chin languages (spoken by 780,000), and Mon (Mon–Khmer, spoken by 750,000).

Important Types of Commerce in Myanmar

Myanmar, or Burma, is an independent country found in Southeast Asia that borders China, India, Thailand, Bangladesh, and Laos. The country is one of the largest countries in Southeast Asia and has a coastline on the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, which stretches for 1,200 miles. Myanmar covers an area of 261,228 square miles, and as of 2014 it had a population of 51 million inhabitants, and the estimates of 2017 were put at 54 million people. Naypyidaw is the country’s capital city while the city of Yangon, also known as Rangoon, is the largest city and it was also the former capital city.

Myanmar is categorized as an emerging economy and in 2017 had a nominal GDP of $69.32 billion, while GDP based on purchasing power parity was $327.6 billion. The estimates for 2018 put the GDP per capita GDP $1,490, while per capita GDP based on purchasing power parity was $6,509. Some of the leading industries in Myanmar include agriculture, mining, and tourism, among others.

Language Services US and others will provide working with Myanmar

Tourism is one of the main service industries and the largest source of foreign exchange of Myanmar. This increases the need for language services. The areas, where the services of native Burmese, Shan, Karen & Kachin translators are especially in demand, are marketing (naming, slogans localization, copywriting, etc.), law, localization of corporate sites and internet portals text content, software, and manuals localization. Translating and localizing the products/services to Burmese, Shan, Karen & Kachin will allow faster growth by removing any language or cultural barriers that would prevent potential clients from understanding what a business is offering. This opens up a new opportunity for both travelers and website owners. Companies that offer a multilingual site will find an increase in traffic and, consequently, will be able to convert all those potential leads into sales.

Looking for a Burmese, Shan, Karen & Kachin translation company? Look no further. American Language Services (AML-Global) offers certified translations, native interpreting services, and turn-key localization solutions for any language. Call us today @ 1-800-951-5020 for further information, visit our website or for a quick quote click


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