Montenegro is a Balkan country with rugged mountains, medieval villages, and a narrow strip of beaches along its Adriatic coastline. The Bay of Kotor, resembling a fjord, is dotted with coastal churches and fortified towns such as Kotor and Herceg Novi. Durmitor National Park, home to bears and wolves, encompasses limestone peaks, glacial lakes, and 1,300m-deep Tara River Canyon. Montenegro is a small, mountainous state in south-west Balkans. Montenegro borders Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Albania, and the Adriatic Sea. While being a small country at 13,812 km², it is very diverse regarding the terrain configuration.
Key cities in Montenegro include: Podgorica, Niksic, Pljevlja, Bijelo Polje, Cetinje, Bar, Herceg Novi, Berane, Budva, and Ulcinj.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The history of Montenegro begins in the early Middle Ages, into the former Roman province of Dalmatia that forms present-day Montenegro. In the 9th century, there were three principalities on the territory of Montenegro: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. The culture of Montenegro is as pluralistic and diverse as its history and geographical position would suggest. Montenegro’s culture has drawn influences mainly from Ancient Rome, Christianity, Islam, the Byzantine Empire, the Ottoman Empire, the Republic of Venice, Austria-Hungary, and Yugoslavia. Montenegro is divided into three regions, namely: Coastal Region, Central Region, Northern Region. One of the oldest and most famous Montenegrin towns is Kotor.
Brief Country History
Montenegro is an independent nation located in Southeastern Europe. Croatia borders it to the west, Kosovo to the east, Serbia to the north-east, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the north-west, and Albania to the south-east. It also has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west. Montenegro’s capital and largest city are Podgorica, and the city of Cetinje is the country’s Old Royal Capital.
Montenegro’s history began in the early Middle Ages into the early Roman Province of Dalmatia that makes up modern-day Montenegro. In the 9th century, there were three principalities in Montenegro: Rascia to the north, Travinua to the west, and Dukljia roughly corresponding to the southern half. A revolt led by Stefan Vojislav took place in 1042 and it led to the independence of Dukljia and the creation of the Vojislavljević dynasty. Duklja reached its peak under Mihailo, Vojislav’s son, between 1046 to 1081, and his grandson between 1081 to 1101. By the 13th century Dukljia was referred to as Zeta, and in the 14th century Zeta, southern Montenegro, came under the governorship of the Balšić noble family, which was then succeeded by the Crnojević noble family. By the 15th century, Zeta was mostly referred to as Crna Gora. From 1496 to 1878, most portions of Montenegro were controlled by the Ottoman Empire and a few others controlled by Venice. Between 1515 and 1851, Cetinje was ruled by prince-bishops, and the House of Petrović-Njegoš was in power until 1918. Since 1918, Montenegro had been a section of Yugoslavia and it was through the independence referendum held on 21 May 2006 that Montenegro was able to declare its independence on 3 June of the same year.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Montenegrin is based on the most widespread dialect of Serbo-Croatian, Shtokavian, more specifically on Eastern Herzegovinian, which is also the basis of Standard Croatian, Serbian, and Bosnian. Montenegro’s language has historically and traditionally been called either Montenegrin, “Our language”, or Serbian.
Important Types of Commerce in Montenegrin
The economy of the Republic of Montenegro is service-based with its main industries focused on steel and aluminum production, agricultural processing, consumer goods, and tourism. In recent years, however, tourism has become the biggest income earner for Montenegro.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Montenegrin
Translation and interpreting have a significant role to play in all aspects of language policy in Montenegrin. In Montenegrin, translation is considered not merely as a transcoding or transfer process from one language/culture to another but also as an activity that pursues bilingualism and multilingualism as an ultimate objective. For a business to reach the widest audience in Montenegrin it is required to have expertise with the Serbian and Bosnian languages. Language service providers can help a business to overcome this obstacle. Translation can be considered to be that indispensable cohesive element that mediates between the people in Montenegrin and the rest of the world.
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