Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco, is a sovereign city-state, country, and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe. France borders the country on three sides while the other side borders the Mediterranean Sea. Monaco is about 15 km from the state border with Italy. As the second-smallest independent state in the world, after the Vatican City, Monaco is a very hilly, rugged, and rocky country. Monaco sits on the Mediterranean Coast and is almost entirely urban. The highest point is Mont Agel, which rises to 459 ft (140 m).
Key cities in Monaco include Monaco, Monte-Carlo, La Condamine, Fontvieille, Saint-Roman, Moneghetti.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Historically, Monaco was part of France, but in 1215, it became a colony of Genoa through a land grant from Emperor Henry VI. The Grimaldi family settled in Monaco in 1297 and the ancestors of the family have controlled the principality for over 715 years now.
Monaco’s culture has strong influences from its neighbors, France, Italy and Spain. With the native Monegasque population making up only about 21 percent of the population, the French actually make up the largest group at 28 percent. This means that the French influence is huge.
About 90% of the population adheres to Roman Catholicism, which is the official state religion. Freedom of worship is guaranteed by the constitution. Monaco is also part of the diocese of Gibraltar of the Church of England.
Brief Country History
The Ligurians are the first inhabitants of the area now known as Monaco, probably arrived when the immigrant warriors who spoke an Indo-European language first penetrated into Provence and Liguria. Monaco’s name comes from the nearby Phocaean Greek colony, in the 6th century, which referred to the Ligurians as Monoikos, meaning “single house”. According to ancient myth, Hercules passed through the Monaco area and turned away the previous gods. As a result, a temple was constructed there, the temple of Hercules Monoikos. Because the only temple of this area was the “House” of Hercules, the city was called Monoikos.
Following a land grant from Emperor Henry VI in 1191, Monaco was re-founded in 1228 as a colony of Genoa. Monaco has been ruled by the House of Grimaldi since 1297, when Francesco Grimaldi and his men captured the fortress protecting the Rock of Monaco while he was dressed as a Franciscan monk- a Monaco in Italian, although this is a coincidence as the area was already known by this name. The male line of the Grimaldis of Monaco died out with Prince Antoine as Marie de Lorraine had only given him daughters. In 1715, he gave the eldest, Louis-Hippolyte, away in marriage to Jacques-Francois-Leonor de Matignon, heir of one of the most illustrious families of Normandy and owner of a great deal of land and possessor of many lordships.
In 1793, French Revolutionary forces captured Monaco, and it remained under French control until 1814. The principality was re-established that year, only to be designated a protectorate of the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1815. Under the adoption of the1911 constitution, the princes of Monaco were absolute rulers. In 1943, the Italian army invaded and occupied Monaco, setting up a Fascist administration. A new constitution proclaimed in 1962, abolished capital punishment, provided for women’s suffrage, and established a Supreme Court of Monaco to guarantee fundamental liberties. In 1993, the Principality of Monaco became a member of the United Nations, with full voting rights.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The official language of Monaco is French. In addition, there are several other languages spoken, including Monégasque, the national language of the Monégasque people.
Important Types of Commerce in Monaco
Monaco is a small city-state located in western Europe. The state covers an area of 0.78 square miles, therefore, qualifying as the world’s second-smallest nation, while the Vatican City is taking the record as the smallest in the world. Monaco is a wealthy country with a high standard of living. Here are some of the largest industries in the country:
- Other Industries in Monaco
Language Services US and others will provide working with Monaco
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