Kyrgyzstan, officially the Kyrgyz Republic, and also known as Kirghizia, is a country in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country with mountainous terrain. It is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west and southwest, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the east.

Kyrgyzstan is landlocked; entirely mountainous, dominated by the Tien Shan range; 94 percent of the country is 1,000 meters above sea level with an average elevation of 2,750 meters. There are many tall peaks, glaciers, and high-altitude lakes. The territory of Kyrgyzstan is located within two mountain systems.

Key Cities

Key cities in Kyrgyzstan include: Bishkek, Osh, Jalal-Abad, Karakol,  Tokmok, Kara-Balta, Uzgen,  Balykchy , Naryn, Talas, and Kyrgyzstan

Historical, Cultural facts & Religion

Soviet power was initially established in the region in 1918, and in 1924, the Kara-Kyrgyz Autonomous Oblast was created within the Russian SFSR. (The term Kara-Kyrgyz was used until the mid-1920s by the Russians to distinguish them from the Kazakhs

Kyrgyzstan is a mountainous country with a very rich baggage of culture and traditions. Its history of traditions dates back to the period when Turkic tribes moved and settled in Central Asia. Thus, Kyrgyz tribes were very much influenced by Turkic traditions, sharing significant cultural similarities.

Today, Sunni Muslims make up about 83% of the population of Kyrgyzstan, followed by Christians at 15%. The population of Christians can be divided up into Russians, who are Orthodox, and Germans, who are Lutherans, plus some Catholics. A small percentage of the population are Buddhist or Jewish.

Brief Country History

According to recent findings of Kyrgyz and Chinese historians, Kyrgyz history dates back to 201 B.C. The earliest descendants of the Kyrgyz people, who are believed to be of Turkic descent, lived in the northeastern part of current Mongolia. Later, some of their tribes migrated to the region that is currently southern Siberia and settled along the Yenisey River, where they lived from the 6th until the 8th centuries. They spread across what is now the Tuva region of the Russian Federation, remaining in that area until the rise of the Mongol Empire in the 13th century when the Kyrgyz began migrating south. In the 12th century, Islam became the predominant religion in the region. Most Kyrgyz are Sunni Muslims of the Hanafi school.

During the 15th-16th centuries, the Kyrgyz people settled in the territory currently known as the Kyrgyz Republic. In the early 19th century, the southern territory of the Kyrgyz Republic came under the control of the Khanate of Kokand, and the territory was formally incorporated into the Russian Empire in 1876. The Russian takeover instigated numerous revolts against tsarist authority, and many Kyrgyz opted to move into the Pamir mountains or to Afghanistan. The suppression of the 1916 rebellion in Central Asia caused many Kyrgyz to migrate to China.

Soviet power was initially established in the region in 1918, and in 1924, the Kara-Kyrgyz Autonomous Oblast was created within the Russian Federal Socialist Republic (the term Kara-Kyrgyz was used until the mid-1920s by the Russians to distinguish them from the Kazakhs, who were also referred to as Kyrgyz). In 1926, it became the Kyrgyz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. On December 5, 1936, the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR) was established as a full Union Republic of the U.S.S.R.

During the 1920s, the Kyrgyz Republic saw a considerable cultural, educational, and social change. Literacy increased, and a standard literary language was introduced. Economic and social development also was notable. Many aspects of the Kyrgyz national culture were retained despite the suppression of nationalist activity under Stalin.

Language (s) Written & Spoken

Kyrgyz is the most widely spoken language in Kyrgyzstan. The language is a Turkic language belonging to the Kipchak branch. Kyrgyz is related to Nogay Tatar, Karakalpak, and Kazakh.

Important Types of Commerce in Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia characterized by mountainous terrain. It has been at the crossroad of several great civilizations as part of the Silk Road and other cultural and commercial routes. Since gaining independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Kyrgyzstan has endured ethnic conflicts, political conflicts, economic troubles, revolts, and transitional governments. All these factors have worked together to slow down the market reforms in places such as land reforms and improved regulatory system. Corruption, regional instability, and low foreign investments have also hindered the country’s economic performance. However, despite the challenges the country is currently facing, Kyrgyzstan is ranked 70th on the ease of doing business index (2013). The economy relies heavily on the country’s natural resources and is dominated by the agricultural sector with tobacco, cotton, wool, and meat as the main agricultural products. Here are Kyrgyzstan’s major industries and their contribution to the country’s economy.

Language Services US and others will provide working with Kyrgyzstan

People can move from one place to another due to various reasons. Therefore, interpreting is necessary to ease the understanding of communication. Some of the reasons may be an adventure, fleeing wars, employment, business and many others. Business, law, education, research, engineering, manufacturing, medical and some of the many fields that require professional translation and interpretation services when doing business in Kyrgyzstan. Proper understanding and knowledge of the local terminologies used is highly essential for essential and quality language service. Kyrgyz is the major language spoken in Kyrgyzstan. Industry doing business with Kyrgyzstan will require accurate and consistent Kyrgyz language services to grasp the wider market.

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