Kosovo, a self-declared independent country in the Balkans region of Europe. Although the United States and most members of the European Union (EU) recognized Kosovo’s declaration of independence from Serbia in 2008, Serbia, Russia, and a significant number of other countries.
Kosovo is located between the Mediterranean Sea and mountainous regions of Southeast Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. This geographic location gives the country its large annual temperature range. Summer temperature highs can reach +30 °C (86 °F), winter’s temperatures as low as −10 °C (14 °F).
Key cities in Kosovo include Prizren, Peja, Gjakova, Mitrovica, Gjilani, and feriZaj.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
In the 12th century, Kosovo was the heart of the Orthodox Christian Serbian empire. This changed when, at the pivotal 1389 Battle of Kosovo, Turkish triumph ushered in 500 years of Ottoman rule and Islam and set the stage for the bitter ethnic and religious conflict that continues to blight the country.
Serbia regained control of Kosovo in the 1912 Balkan War, and the region became part of Yugoslavia when it was created in 1918. In WWII the territory was incorporated into Italian-controlled Albania; it was later liberated and returned to Yugoslavia in October 1944 by Albanian partisans. Following decades of postwar neglect, Kosovo was granted de-facto self-government status as an autonomous province within Serbia in 1974
The Culture of Kosovo refers to the culture of Kosovo. It encompasses the ancient heritage, architecture, literature, visual arts, music, cinema, sports, and cuisine of Kosovo. Because of its history and geography, it represents a blend of different cultural spheres especially of the western and eastern culture
Brief Country History
Over time, places such as Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro gained independence. The southern Serbian region of Kosovo, however, remained part of Serbia. The Kosovo Liberation Army fought Milosevic’s Serbian forces and a war of independence took place from about 1998 through 1999.
On June 10, 1999, the United Nations Security Council passed a resolution that ended the war, established a NATO peacekeeping force in Kosovo, and provided for some autonomy which included a 120-member assembly. Over time, Kosovo’s desire for full independence grew. The United Nations, the European Union, and the United States worked with Kosovo to develop an independence plan. Russia was a major challenge for Kosovo independence because Russia, as a U.N. Security Council member with veto power, promised they would veto any plan for Kosovo independence that did not address Serbia’s concerns.
On February 17, 2008, the Kosovo Assembly unanimously (109 members present) voted to declare independence from Serbia. Serbia declared that the independence of Kosovo was illegal and Russia supported Serbia in that decision.
However, within four days of Kosovo’s declaration of independence, fifteen countries (including the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, and Australia) recognized the independence of Kosovo. By mid-2009, 63 countries around the world, including 22 of the 27 members of the European Union had recognized Kosovo as an independent. Several dozen countries have established embassies or ambassadors in Kosovo.
Challenges remain for Kosovo to obtain full international recognition and over time, the de facto status of Kosovo as independent will likely spread so that almost all of the world’s countries will recognize Kosovo as an independent. However, United Nations membership will likely be held up for Kosovo until Russia and China agree to the legality of Kosovo’s existence.
Kosovo is home to approximately 1.8 million people, 95% of whom are ethnic Albanians. The largest city and capital are Pristina (about half a million people). Kosovo borders Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, and the Republic of Macedonia.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Since the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, the Albanian language has become the dominant language in Kosovo, although the equal status is given to Serbian and special status is given to other minority languages. Albanian and Serbian are official languages, municipal civil servants are only required to speak one of them.
Important Types of Commerce in Kosovo
Mining, cement, and construction, textiles, food and beverages, tourism, metallurgical industry. Kosovo has a slowly developing plain industry. In 2009, the Industry accounted for 22.60 of GDP and a general workforce of 800,000 employees.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Kosovo
Kosovo is becoming a multicultural country that has a growing need for professional translations and interpreters. Kosovo has a need for communication across languages and that is where language services can help. Whether you need Albanian driver’s license translation, Albanian marriage certificate translation, Albanian business document translation or Albanian legal document translation, Albanian medical document translation, or an Albanian website translation, language services can help.
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