Guyana, a country on South America’s North Atlantic coast, is defined by its dense rainforest. English-speaking, with cricket and calypso music, it’s culturally connected to the Caribbean region. Its capital, Georgetown, is known for British colonial architecture, including tall, painted-timber St. George’s Anglican Cathedral. A large clock marks the facade of Stabroek Market, a source of local produce.

The Geography of Guyana comprises the physical characteristics of the country in Northern South America and part of Caribbean South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela, with a land area of approximately 214,969 square kilometres.

Key Cities

Key cities in Guyana include: Georgetown, Linden, New Amsterdam, Anna Regina, Bartica, Skeldon, Rosignol, Mahaica Village, Mahdia, and Parika.

Historical, Cultural facts & Religion

The recorded history of Guyana can be dated back to 1499, when Alonso de Ojeda’s first expedition arrived from Spain at the Essequibo River. The history of Guyana has been shaped by the participation of many national and ethnic groups, as well as the colonial policies of the Spanish, French, Dutch, and British

Guyanese culture reflects the influence of Indian, African, Amerindian, British, Portuguese, Chinese, Creole, Latin American, and Dutch cultures. Guyana is one of a few mainland territories of South America that is considered to be a part of the Caribbean region.

Christianity and Hinduism are the dominant religions in Guyana. According to the 2012 census, approximately 63 percent of the population is Christian. The major groupings compose: Pentecostal, 22.8% of the national population, increasing from 17% in 2002.

Brief Country History

The Cooperative Republic of Guyana, or Guyana (formerly known as British Guyana), has on its historical background quite a long record and experience on being struggled upon and conquered by different countries. It was discovered in 1498 by the Europeans, and has been battled upon by the different European groups like the Dutch, French, Spanish and British for about 500 years.

Guyana has been a Dutch colony in the 17th century, and was later conquered and influenced by the British in 1815. During the 17th and 18th centuries, the large landmass north of the Amazon River and east of the Orinoco River has been divided into 5 sub-regions, namely: British Guiana (now Guyana), Spanish Guiana (now eastern Venezuela), Dutch Guiana (now Suriname), Portuguese Guiana (now northern Brazil), and French Guiana which is at present a French department in South America.

During the 500 years of being a colony to different countries, slavery has become a huge deal in the country. With Guyana having rich sugar resources, their conquerors have taken advantage of its abundance. However, with the abolition of slavery in the late 1800s, Guyana has started to become a home to the black people, and Indians started to storm the country and work in its rich sugar plantations.

Guyana gained its independence from the United Kingdom in the year 1966, and later on became a republic in 1970. They have considered the 1992 elections their first fair and free elections since they gained their independence. They are headed by a President together with the Prime Minister and Cabinet of Ministers.

Language (s) Written & Spoken

English is the official language of Guyana, which is the only South American country with English as the official language. Guyanese Creole (an English-based creole with African and East Indian syntax) is widely spoken in Guyana. A number of Amerindian languages are also spoken by a minority of the population.

It uses the Latin Script in its writing. Approximately 89% of the Guyanese are literate, according to UNICEF. The same population is considered to be conversant and familiar with English. The rest of the people speak the Guyanese Creole, which is a dialect of English

Important Types of Commerce in Guyana

Guyana is a South American nation. The country shares a border with Venezuela, Brazil, and Suriname as well as a maritime border with Trinidad and Tobago. Guyana is the 130th largest export economy in the world. The nation exported goods worth an estimated $2.05 billion and imported goods worth $1.88 billion resulting in a $173 million positive trade balance. The nation had a GDP of $3.62 billion in 2017. Some of the top export items in the same year were railway cargo containers which were valued at $ 239 million, gold ($848 million), raw sugar ($91.6 million), aluminum ore ($155 million), and rice ($239 million). The nation’s top imports include refined petroleum, large construction vehicles, excavation machinery, packaged medicaments, and cars. The top export destinations are Canada, the United States, Trinidad and Tobago, Panama, and Belgium-Luxembourg while imports are mainly sourced from the United States, Trinidad and Tobago, China, Suriname, and Japan. Important Industries in Guyana includes:

  • Manufacturing
  • Mining
  • Agriculture Industry
  • Construction and Engineering Industry
  • Tourism Industry
  • Future Prospects

Language Services US and others will provide working with Guyana

English is the business language of Guyana However, Guyanese Creole being the widely spoken language in the country. A business targeting Guyana should be prepared with Guyanese Creole interpreting services to make a bigger impact on the people of Guyana. Guyanese Creole business Interpreting is suitable for business situations requiring interpreting. Guyanese Creole business Interpreting is ideal for situations such as:

  • negotiations
  • study visits
  • dinners
  • exhibitions

Looking for a Guyanese Creole translation company? Look no further. American Language Services (AML-Global) offers certified translations, native interpreting services, and turn-key localization solutions for any language. Call us today @ 1-800-951-5020 for further information, visit our website or for a quick quote click


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