Munich, Bavaria’s capital, is home to centuries-old buildings and numerous museums. The city is known for its annual Oktoberfest celebration and its beer halls, including the famed Hofbräuhaus, founded in 1589. In the Altstadt (Old Town), central Marienplatz square contains landmarks such as Neo-Gothic Neues Rathaus (town hall), with a popular glockenspiel show that chimes and re-enacts stories from the 16th century. Munich lies on the elevated plains of Upper Bavaria, about 50 km (31 mi) north of the northern edge of the Alps, at an altitude of about 520 m (1,706 ft) ASL. The local rivers are the Isar and the Würm. Munich is situated in the Northern Alpine Foreland.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The year 1158 is assumed to be the foundation date of Munich, which is only the earliest date the city is mentioned in a document. By that time the Guelph Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria built a bridge over the river Isar next to a settlement of Benedictine monks. Munich is the state capital of the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern) with more than 1,5 million inhabitants. In general, Germans value punctuality – whether it be for a business meeting, a flat viewing or a private appointment. Within Germany, Bavarians tend to be quite open-hearted people.
Brief City History
To really understand the Munich of today, you have to delve into the city of the past, a past reflected in the city’s very fabric – every ruler and period has left a mark – from the medieval gates of the Bavarian dukes to the Olympic stadium and Hitler’s austere additions to Ludwig I’s grand Königsplatz. Often turbulent, the phrase ‘all’s well that ends well’ certainly applies to Munich, today one of the most affluent places on the planet. As far as European cities are concerned, Munich is a relative newcomer. It was Benedictine monks, drawn by fertile farmland along the flood plain of the Isar River and the closeness to Catholic Italy, who settled in what is now the Munich area. This may have been as early as the 8th century, but no records have survived. The city derives its name from the medieval Munichen meaning ‘monks’. So the official year zero in Munich is 1158 when the Imperial Diet in Augsburg sanctioned the rule of Heinrich der Löwe, and Munich the city was born. However, Munich had to wait another two decades to gain city status, after which it was permitted to erect defensive fortifications.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The official language, of course, is German, although English is very widely spoken.
Important Types of Commerce in Munich
The main economic activities are concentrated around the Munich area with several global players in the automotive industry (Audi, BMW, MAN, Knorr-Bremse), ICT (Siemens), media and publishing as well as a strong defense industry sector. Other important regional concentrations include Nuremberg, Augsburg and Ingolstadt.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Munich
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