Uzbekistan is a Central Asian nation and a former Soviet republic. It’s known for its mosques, mausoleums and other sites linked to the Silk Road, the ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean. Samarkand, a major city on the route, contains a landmark of Islamic architecture: the Registan, a plaza bordered by 3 ornate, mosaic-covered religious schools dating to the 15th and 17th centuries. The topography of Uzbekistan is about 80% sandy, scrubby desert, including the massive Kyzyl Kum. The mountains of the southeast and northeast are foothills and lower mountains of the Tian Shan Range, an extension of the Himalayas. The Fergana Valley, between the northeast and southeast mountain ranges, is reportedly home to the most desirable agricultural land and climate in all of western Asia.
In the far west, Uzbekistan is dominated by vast lowlands, the Amu Darya River valley, the Ustyurt Plateau and the southern half of the Aral Sea.
The Aral Sea, located in both Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, is disappearing. Mismanagement of this valuable sea by the overuse of its tributary rivers is now recognized as one of the world’s worst environmental disasters. The most significant rivers of Uzbekistan include the Amu Darya and Syr Darya; major lakes include Lake Ayddrkul and Lake Sarykamish.
Uzbekistan’s highest point is Adelunga Toghi at 10,298 ft. (4,301 m).
Key cities in Uzbekistan include Tashkent, Samarkand, Namangan, Andijan, Bukhara, Nukus, Qarshi, Ferghana, Jizzakh, Navoiy.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
History of Uzbekistan. In the first millennium BC, Iranian nomads established irrigation systems along the rivers of Central Asia and built towns at Bukhara and Samarqand. These places became extremely wealthy points of transit on what became known as the Silk Road between China and Europe. The culture of Uzbekistan has a wide mix of ethnic groups and cultures, with the Uzbeks being the majority group. In 1995, about 71% of Uzbekistan’s population was Uzbek.
Brief Country History
The Uzbekistan land was once part of the ancient Persian Empire and was later conquered by Alexander the Great in the 4th century B.C. During the 8th century, the nomadic Turkic tribes living there were converted to Islam by invading Arab forces who dominated the area. The Mongols under Genghis Khan took over the region from the Seljuk Turks in the 13th century, and it later became part of Tamerlane the Great’s empire and that of his successors until the 16th century. The Uzbeks invaded the territory in the early 16th century and merged with the other inhabitants in the area. Their empire broke up into separate Uzbek principalities, the khanates of Khiva, Bukhara, and Kokand. These city-states resisted Uzbek expansion into the area but were conquered by the Uzbek forces in the mid-19th century.
The territory was made into the Uzbek Republic in 1924 and became the independent Uzbekistan Soviet Socialist Republic in 1925. Under Soviet rule, Uzbekistan concentrated on growing cotton with the help of irrigation, mechanization, and chemical fertilizers and pesticides, causing serious environmental damage.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The Uzbek language is the official state language of Uzbekistan spoken by approximately 85% of the population. The Uzbek language is a Turkic language closely related to the Uyghur language, and both languages belong to the Karluk languages, a branch of the Turkic language family.
Important Types of Commerce in Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan’s most productive heavy industries have been the extraction of natural gas and oil; oil refining; mining and mineral processing; machine building, especially equipment for cotton cultivation and the textile industry; coal mining; and the ferrous metallurgy, chemical, and electrical power industries.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Uzbekistan
Uzbek language in Uzbekistan is official and can be used in the power. Very little English is spoken in Uzbekistan. It is essential to use translation services to communicate with potential customers unless you speak Uzbek. Several industries rely on translation and localization services to pursuit exactness and perfection Important document that needs localization are technical, marketing and sales documents, copyright, trademark and patent applications, partnership and employment agreements, mergers, acquisitions and incorporations, trusts and wills, etc.
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