Baotou is the largest city by urban population in Inner Mongolia. Governed as a prefecture-level city, its built-up area made up of 5 urban districts is home to 2,070,801 inhabitants with a total population of over 2.65 million accounting for counties under its. Baotou is located at the foot of the Yinshan Mountains, and on the bank of the Yellow River. The word Baotou is Mongolian meaning ‘place where deer live’. Hence it is called by its other name, The Deer City. It is the largest city that incorporates the largest green area in Inner Mongolia.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
As the Qing dynasty (1644–1911/12) strengthened its grip on the Mongol border regions, Baotou gradually developed into a market town. It was walled around 1871 and in 1925 was given the status of an administrative county. Baotou’s modern growth began when a railway from Beijing reached the city in 1923. The Best Travel, Food and Culture Guides for Baotou, China – Local News & Top Things to Do.
Brief City History
Baotou, Wade-Giles romanization Pao-t’ou, city, central Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, northern China. Baotou, a prefecture-level municipality, is situated on the north bank of the Huang He (Yellow River) on its great northern bend, about 100 miles (160 km) west of Hohhot, the capital of Inner Mongolia. Baotou is of comparatively recent origin. Although the region was colonized and garrisoned during the Tang dynasty (618–907), it was afterward occupied by Mongol tribes and as late as the 1730s was still a hamlet. As the Qing dynasty (1644–1911/12) strengthened its grip on the Mongol border regions, Baotou gradually developed into a market town. It was walled around 1871 and in 1925 was given the status of an administrative county.
Baotou’s modern growth began when a railway from Beijing reached the city in 1923. It then grew rapidly into a major commercial center for trade with Mongolia and north-western China, controlling a marketing area including most of what is now the Hui Autonomous Region of Ningxia, the provinces of Gansu and Qinghai, and parts of present-day Mongolia. Exports were mostly hides, wool, and felt; chief imports were cloth, grain, drugs, and tea. The wool and hides collected by local merchant firms and by traders from Beijing and Tianjin were transported to Tianjin for export. The area along the northern loop of the Huang He had been colonized by Chinese settlers from the 1880s onward, and Baotou became the major commercial center for this Chinese community. The city grew rapidly, and during the Japanese occupation (1937–45) Baotou was a centre of the autonomous government of Mengjiang. The Japanese began to develop light industry there and also discovered rich deposits of coal and other minerals nearby. After 1949 Baotou was completely transformed. Its rail link with Beijing, destroyed in 1949 during China’s civil warfare, was restored in 1953 and double-tracked in the late 1950s. Another line was constructed that followed the Huang He southwest to Lanzhou in Gansu, where it connected with other rail links to central and south-central China and to Ürümqi in the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang in the northwest. In addition, Baotou became the site of a major integrated iron and steel complex that was based on the rich iron-ore deposits to the north at Bayan Obo (with which it has been linked by rail), on the coking coal from Shiguai in the east near the Daqing Mountains, and on local limestone. The complex was part of the move to relocate heavy-industry centres away from China’s coastal regions. Although the complex was declared completed in 1961, it did not become fully operational until the late 1960s. The facility developed into one of China’s major steel producers and later branched into rare-earth metallurgy.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
95% of Mongolia’s population speaks Mongolian. Mongolian is the most widely spoken of the Mongolic languages. 5.2 million people speak Mongolian. 56% of the world’s speakers of the Mongolian language live in Mongolia. There are two Mongolic languages spoken in Mongolia, Oirat and Buryat.
Important Types of Commerce in Baotou
Baotou’s heavy industry includes the energy, iron and steel, machinery and chemical . Among coal, petroleum and electric power, coal is the major energy source. Large iron and steel enterprises are distributed in Anshan, Taiyuan, Baotou.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Baotou
Mongolian is the official language of Baotou. For any industry to penetrate into Baotou, it’s exceptionally important to use a professional translator when you want to translate Mongolian. Many business sectors, including Automobile, Legal, Medical, Agriculture, Tech, Science, Government and so on utilize professional Mongolian translation services to flawlessly translate their important documents. A professional Mongolian translator with an expert understanding of the use of vocabulary and grammar is best equipped to handle the specific nuances of this unique language.
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