Agra is a city on the banks of the Yamuna river in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is 206 kilometers south of the national capital of New Delhi. Agra is the fourth-most populous city in Uttar Pradesh and 24th in India.7 Intriguing Facts About Agra You Might Not Know. 1) Agra Fort Was Not Built By Shah Jahan. 2) Yamuna River At Agra Was Called Blue River. 3) Was Once The Most Powerful City. 4) Was Established Before The Mahabharata Period. 5) Home To A 168-Year-Old College. 6) The City With Three UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Modern Agra was founded by Sikandar Lodhi (Lodhi dynasty; Delhi Sultanate) in the 16th century. Babar (founder of the Mughal dynasty) also stayed for some time in Agra and introduced the concept of square Persian-styled gardens here. Emperor Akbar built the Agra fort and Fatehpur Sikri near Agra. The residents of Agra have adopted a contemporary style of dressing and lifestyle. The men wear trousers and shirts and women wear traditional wears. Agra is enriched with different cultural and traditional values. The most prominent religions practiced in Agra are Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, and Buddhism. Hinduism is the majority religion in Agra city with 80.68 % followers. Islam is the second most popular religion in the city of Agra with approximately 15.37 % following it. In Agra city, Christianity is followed by 0.42 %, Jainism by 1.04 %, Sikhism by 0.62 % and Buddhism by 0.62 %.
Brief City History
Agra, city, western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies in the Indo-Gangetic Plain on the Yamuna (Jumna) River about 125 miles (200 km) southeast of Delhi. There was an early reference to an “Agravana” in the ancient Sanskrit epic Mahabharata, and Ptolemy is said to have called the site “Agra.” The city was founded by Sultan Sikandar of the Lodī dynasty in the early 16th century to be the capital of the Delhi sultanate. Agra also served as the Mughal capital during some periods of that empire. In the late 18th century the city fell successively to the Jats, the Marathas, the Mughals, the ruler of Gwalior, and, finally, the British in 1803. It was the capital of Agra (later North-Western) province from 1833 to 1868 and was one of the main centres of the Indian Mutiny (1857–58). Agra is best known for the Taj Mahal (17th century), designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983. A complex mausoleum, the Taj Mahal is often considered to be the world’s best example of Mughal architecture. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahān built it for his favorite wife, Mumtāz Maḥal, in the mid-17th century. Agra Fort (16th century), called the Red Fort for its massive red sandstone walls, was built by the emperor Akbar; it contains the Pearl Mosque (Moti Masjid; 17th century), constructed of white marble, and a palace, the Jahangiri Mahal. The fort was also designated a World Heritage site in 1983. The Jāmiʿ Masjid, or Great Mosque, and the elegant tomb of Iʿtimād al-Dawlah (1628), of white marble, are located near the Taj Mahal. To the northwest, at Sikandra, is the tomb of Akbar. Agra is a major road and rail junction and a commercial and industrial centre known for its leather goods, cut stone, and handwoven carpets. Tourism is a major factor in the city’s economy. The city is the seat of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University (formerly Agra University), founded in 1927. The suburbs of Agra contain the state psychiatric hospital and Dayalbagh, a colony of the Radha Soami Satsang religious sect (founded in the city in 1861).
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Languages spoken include Braj Bhasha, which is a rural dialect of Hindi, predominant in the nebulous Braj region centred on Mathura and Agra in Uttar Pradesh and Dholpur & Bharatpur in Rajasthan. It is the predominant language in the central stretch of the Ganges-Yamuna Doab.
Important Types of Commerce in Agra
Agra has developed an important market for the automobile industry. Anil Diesels, Benara Auto, Harvest Group of Industries and Malloy’s India are some of the major players of the automobile industry in Agra. The leather industry is among the most traditional and original industries of Agra.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Agra
Doing business with Agra requires an understanding of their local language which is Hindi. An individual or business is required to have a Hindi interpreter accompanying them in Agra for an exhibition, business negotiations, training, conference, medical support, or for an excursion to bridge the language gap. Moreover, they also require Hindi Translation services for translation of important business documents such as sales and marketing literature, copyright, trademark and patent applications, partnership and employment agreements, mergers, acquisitions and incorporations, trusts and wills flawlessly.
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