Understanding The Turkish Language & Providing Professional Turkish Interpreters, Translators and Transcriptionists
American Language Services ® (ALS) understands the importance of working in the Turkish language. For over a Quarter of a Century, American Language Services ® has worked with the Turkish language as well as hundreds of others from around the world. We offer comprehensive language services 24 hours, 7 days a week worldwide by providing Turkish interpreting, translation and transcriptions services along with hundreds of other languages and dialects. Our linguists are native speakers and writers who are screened, credentialed, certified, field tested and experienced in a number of specific industry settings. The Turkish language is unique and has very specific origins and characteristics.
Turkish and Turkey
Spoken by over 63 million people, Turkish is the most commonly spoken of the Turkish languages and is the primary language of Turkey. Turkey, due to its strategic location astride two continents, Turkey's culture has a unique blend of Eastern and Western tradition. A powerful regional presence in the Eurasian landmass with strong historic, cultural and economic influence in the area between Europe in the west and Central Asia in the east, Russia in the north and the Middle East in the south, Turkey has come to acquire increasing strategic significance. Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic whose political system was established in 1923 under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, following the fall of the Ottoman Empire in the aftermath of World War I. Since then, Turkey has become increasingly integrated with the West through membership in organizations such as the Council of Europe, NATO, OECD, OSCE and the G-20 major economies.
History of Turkish Language
The roots of the language can be traced to Central Asia, with the first written records dating back nearly 1,200 years. To the west, the influence of Ottoman Turkish, the immediate precursor of today's Turkish, spread as the Ottoman Empire expanded. In 1928, as one of Atatürk's Reforms in the early years of the Republic of Turkey, the Ottoman script was replaced with a phonetic variant of the Latin alphabet. Concurrently, the newly-founded Turkish Language Association initiated a drive to reform the language by removing Persian and Arabic loanwords in favor of native variants and coinages from Turkic roots. The distinctive characteristics of Turkish are vowel harmony and extensive agglutination. The basic word order of Turkish is Subject Object Verb. Turkish has a T-V distinction: second-person plural forms can be used for individuals as a sign of respect. Turkish also has no noun classes or grammatical gender.
Turkish Writing System
Turkish is written using a modified version of the Latin alphabet introduced in 1928 by Atatürk to replace the Arabic-based Ottoman Turkish alphabet. Latin was applied to the Turkish language for educational purposes even before the 20th century reform. Turkish now has an alphabet suited to the sounds of the language: the spelling is largely phonetic, with one letter corresponding to each phoneme. Most of the letters are used approximately as in English.
Who are You Going to Trust with Your Vital Turkish Language Needs?
The Turkish language is an important language worldwide. It is vital to understand the general nature and specific idiosyncrasies of Turkish. Since 1985, ALS has provided outstanding Turkish interpreters, translators and transcriptionsts worldwide.
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