Understanding The Romani Language & Providing Professional Romani Interpreters, Translators and Transcriptionists
American Language Services ® (ALS) understands the importance of working in the Romani language. For over a Quarter of a Century, American Language Services ® has worked with the Romani language as well as hundreds of others from around the world. We offer comprehensive language services 24 hours, 7 days a week worldwide by providing Romani interpreting, translation and transcriptions services along with hundreds of other languages and dialects. Our linguists are native speakers and writers who are screened, credentialed, certified, field tested and experienced in a number of specific industry settings. The Romani language is unique and has very specific origins and characteristics.
Romani Micro Language
Romani is a macro language in the ISO 639 classification, taken to consist of seven sub-languages or major dialects. The largest dialect is Vlax Romani with close to 1.5 million speakers, followed by the Balkan, Carpathian and Sinte variants with a few hundred thousand speakers each. Analysis of the Romani language has shown that it is closely related to those spoken in central and northern India. This linguistic relationship is believed to indicate the geographical origins of the Romani people (Roma, Sinti, etc.). Loanwords in Romani make it possible to trace the pattern of their migration westwards. They came originally from the Indian subcontinent.
Today's dialects of Romani are differentiated by the vocabulary accumulated since their departure from Anatolia, as well as through divergent phonemic evolutions and grammatical features. Many Romanies no longer speak the language or speak various new contact languages from the local language with the addition of Romani vocabulary. A long-standing common categorization was a division between the Vlax (from Vlach) from non-Vlax dialects. Vlax are those Romanies who lived many centuries in the territory of Romania. The main distinction between the two groups is the degree to which their vocabulary is borrowed from Romanian.
Romani Writing and Literature
There is no tradition of writing in Romani. One of the reasons for its survival was its usefulness as a secret language or argot. Printed anthologies of Romani folktales and poems began in the 20th century in Eastern Europe, using the respective national scripts (Latin or Cyrillic). An orthographical standard intended for cross-dialect use was introduced by Marcel Courthiade in 1989 and has been adopted by the International Romani Union.
Who are You Going to Trust with Your Vital Romani Language Needs?
The Romani language is an important language worldwide. It is vital to understand the general nature and specific idiosyncrasies of Romani. Since 1985, ALS has provided outstanding Romani interpreters, translators and transcriptionsts worldwide.
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